Category: Family

Importance of B vitamins

Importance of B vitamins

What happens if I Importance of B vitamins too Importancw riboflavin? We avoid using tertiary references. Specially formulated to deliver vitamin B12 directly into the mouth, oral spray supplements are an effective alternative to traditional supplements.


I Took B Vitamins For 30 Days, Here's What Happened

Importance of B vitamins -

Tocopherol Alpha Beta Gamma Delta Tocotrienol Alpha Beta Gamma Delta Tocofersolan. B 1 Thiamine B 1 analogues Acefurtiamine Allithiamine Benfotiamine Fursultiamine Octotiamine Prosultiamine Sulbutiamine B 2 Riboflavin B 3 Niacin Niacinamide B 5 Pantothenic acid Dexpanthenol Pantethine B 6 Pyridoxine , Pyridoxal phosphate Pyridoxamine Pyritinol B 7 Biotin B 9 Folic acid Dihydrofolic acid Folinic acid Levomefolic acid B 12 Adenosylcobalamin Cyanocobalamin Hydroxocobalamin Methylcobalamin.

Ascorbic acid Dehydroascorbic acid. Kwashiorkor Marasmus Catabolysis. B 1 Beriberi Wernicke—Korsakoff syndrome Wernicke's encephalopathy Korsakoff's syndrome B 2 Riboflavin deficiency B 3 Pellagra B 6 Pyridoxine deficiency B 7 Biotin deficiency B 9 Folate deficiency B 12 Vitamin B 12 deficiency.

A: Vitamin A deficiency Bitot's spots C: Scurvy D: Vitamin D deficiency Rickets Osteomalacia Harrison's groove E: Vitamin E deficiency K: Vitamin K deficiency. Electrolyte imbalance Calcium Chloride Phosphate Potassium Magnesium Sodium Iron Zinc Manganese Copper Iodine Chromium Molybdenum Selenium Keshan disease Fluorine.

Delayed milestone Failure to thrive Short stature Idiopathic. Anorexia Weight loss Cachexia Underweight. Authority control databases : National France BnF data Israel United States Japan Czech Republic.

Category : B vitamins. Hidden categories: Articles with short description Short description matches Wikidata All articles with unsourced statements Articles with unsourced statements from August All articles lacking reliable references Articles lacking reliable references from August Articles lacking reliable references from March Articles needing additional references from January All articles needing additional references Articles with BNF identifiers Articles with BNFdata identifiers Articles with J9U identifiers Articles with LCCN identifiers Articles with NDL identifiers Articles with NKC identifiers.

Toggle limited content width. A coenzyme in the catabolism of sugars and amino acids. A precursor of coenzymes called FAD and FMN , which are needed for flavoprotein enzyme reactions, including activation of other vitamins.

A precursor of coenzymes called NAD and NADP , which are needed in many metabolic processes. A precursor of coenzyme A and therefore needed to metabolize many molecules.

A coenzyme for carboxylase enzymes, needed for synthesis of fatty acids and in gluconeogenesis. A precursor needed to make, repair, and methylate DNA; a cofactor in various reactions; especially important in aiding rapid cell division and growth, such as in infancy and pregnancy.

Commonly cyanocobalamin or methylcobalamin in vitamin supplements. A coenzyme involved in the metabolism of all animal cells, especially affecting DNA synthesis and regulation, but also fatty acid metabolism and amino acid metabolism. Thiamine plays a central role in the release of energy from carbohydrates.

It is involved in RNA and DNA production, as well as nerve function. Its active form is a coenzyme called thiamine pyrophosphate TPP , which takes part in the conversion of pyruvate to acetyl coenzyme A in metabolism. Riboflavin is involved in release of energy in the electron transport chain , the citric acid cycle , as well as the catabolism of fatty acids beta oxidation.

Niacin is composed of two structures: nicotinic acid and nicotinamide. There are two co-enzyme forms of niacin: nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide NAD and nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate NADP. Both play an important role in energy transfer reactions in the metabolism of glucose, fat and alcohol.

NADP is a coenzyme in lipid and nucleic acid synthesis. Pantothenic acid is involved in the oxidation of fatty acids and carbohydrates. Coenzyme A, which can be synthesised from pantothenic acid, is involved in the synthesis of amino acids, fatty acids, ketone bodies , cholesterol , [14] [ better source needed ] phospholipids, steroid hormones, neurotransmitters such as acetylcholine , and antibodies.

Pyridoxine , pyridoxal , pyridoxamine. The active form pyridoxal 5'-phosphate PLP depicted serves as a cofactor in many enzyme reactions mainly in amino acid metabolism including biosynthesis of neurotransmitters.

Biotin plays a key role in the metabolism of lipids, proteins and carbohydrates. It is a critical co-enzyme of four carboxylases: acetyl CoA carboxylase, which is involved in the synthesis of fatty acids from acetate; pyruvate CoA carboxylase, involved in gluconeogenesis; β-methylcrotonyl CoA carboxylase, involved in the metabolism of leucine ; and propionyl CoA carboxylase, which is involved in the metabolism of energy, amino acids and cholesterol.

Folate acts as a co-enzyme in the form of tetrahydrofolate THF , which is involved in the transfer of single-carbon units in the metabolism of nucleic acids and amino acids. THF is involved in purine and pyrimidine nucleotide synthesis, so is needed for normal cell division, especially during pregnancy and infancy, which are times of rapid growth.

Folate also aids in erythropoiesis , the production of red blood cells. Vitamin B 12 is involved in the cellular metabolism of carbohydrates , proteins and lipids.

It is essential in the production of blood cells in bone marrow, and for nerve sheaths and proteins. Thiamine deficiency causes beriberi. Symptoms of this disease of the nervous system include weight loss, emotional disturbances, Wernicke encephalopathy impaired sensory perception , weakness and pain in the limbs, periods of irregular heartbeat , and edema swelling of bodily tissues.

Heart failure and death may occur in advanced cases. Chronic thiamine deficiency can also cause alcoholic Korsakoff syndrome , an irreversible dementia characterized by amnesia and compensatory confabulation.

Riboflavin deficiency can cause ariboflavinosis , which may result in cheilosis cracks in the lips , high sensitivity to sunlight, angular cheilitis , glossitis inflammation of the tongue , seborrheic dermatitis or pseudo- syphilis particularly affecting the scrotum or labia majora and the mouth , pharyngitis sore throat , hyperemia , and edema of the pharyngeal and oral mucosa.

Niacin deficiency , along with a deficiency of tryptophan , causes pellagra. Symptoms include aggression, dermatitis , insomnia , weakness , mental confusion, and diarrhea. Pantothenic acid deficiency can result in acne and paresthesia , although it is uncommon. Vitamin B 6 deficiency causes seborrhoeic dermatitis-like eruptions, pink eye and neurological symptoms e.

Biotin deficiency does not typically cause symptoms in adults, other than cosmetic issues such as decreased hair and nail growth, but may lead to impaired growth and neurological disorders in infants.

Multiple carboxylase deficiency , an inborn error of metabolism, can lead to biotin deficiency even when dietary biotin intake is normal. Folic acid deficiency results in a macrocytic anemia , and elevated levels of homocysteine.

Deficiency in pregnant women can lead to birth defects, particularly neural tube defects such as spina bifida and anencephaly.

Vitamin B 12 deficiency results in a macrocytic anemia , elevated methylmalonic acid and homocysteine , peripheral neuropathy , sense loss, change in mobility, memory loss and other cognitive deficits. It is most likely to occur among elderly people, as absorption through the gut declines with age; the autoimmune disease pernicious anemia is another common cause.

It can also cause symptoms of mania and psychosis. Untreated, it is possible to cause irreversible damage to the brain and nerve system — In rare extreme cases, paralysis can result. None [21]. No known toxicity from oral intake. There are some reports of anaphylaxis caused by high-dose thiamin injections into the vein or muscle.

However, the doses were greater than the quantity humans can physically absorb from oral intake. None [22]. No evidence of toxicity based on limited human and animal studies. The only evidence of adverse effects associated with riboflavin comes from in vitro studies showing the production of reactive oxygen species free radicals when riboflavin was exposed to intense visible and UV light.

Other effects may include glucose intolerance, and reversible ocular effects. Additionally, the nicotinic acid form may cause vasodilatory effects, also known as flushing , including redness of the skin, often accompanied by an itching, tingling, or mild burning sensation, which is also often accompanied by pruritus , headaches, and increased intracranial blood flow, and occasionally accompanied by pain.

See Megavitamin-B 6 syndrome for more information. Many people can get enough B vitamins by eating a variety of nutrient-dense foods. People may develop B vitamin deficiencies if they do not get enough of the vitamins from their diet or supplements. They may also have a deficiency if their body cannot absorb nutrients properly, or if their body eliminates too much of them due to certain health conditions or medications.

Healthcare professionals recommend that people get a certain amount of each vitamin per day to maintain good health. The following table provides the daily values DVs of each B vitamin according to the Food and Drug Administration FDA in milligrams mg or micrograms mcg :. The heart, liver, kidney, and brain all contain high amounts of thiamin.

The body needs thiamin for:. Thiamin deficiency is not common in the United States. However, certain groups of people may not get enough thiamin, including:. Alcohol dependence can cause a person to develop a thiamin deficiency. This can cause Wernicke-Korsakoff syndrome WKS , which may result in tingling and numbness in the hands and feet, memory loss, and confusion.

A review from found that people with WE may benefit from high doses of thiamin. For more in-depth resources about vitamins, minerals, and supplements, visit our dedicated hub. Riboflavin deficiency is rare but may occur when a person has an endocrine disorder, such as thyroid problems, or certain other conditions.

Having a severe riboflavin deficiency can lead to anemia and cataracts. Being riboflavin deficient during pregnancy can create a higher risk certain birth defects. The body converts niacin into a coenzyme called nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide NAD. NAD is a necessary part of more than different enzyme reactions in the body, the highest of all vitamin-derived coenzymes.

These enzymes help with:. Animal-based foods such as meat, poultry, and fish are high in NAD, which the body can easily use. Plant-based foods including nuts, legumes, and grains contain a natural form of niacin that the body cannot use as easily.

However, manufacturers add niacin to foods such as cereals, and the body can easily use this form. Getting too little niacin can cause a niacin deficiency. Severe niacin deficiency leads to pellagra, which may cause:. If pellagra goes untreated, it can lead to severe memory problems, behavioral changes, and suicidal behavior.

It may also lead to an extreme loss of appetite or death. Red blood cells carry pantothenic acid throughout the body so it can use the nutrient in a variety of processes for energy and metabolism. Many foods contain at least some pantothenic acid, but some of the highest amounts are present in:.

Pantothenic acid deficiency is rare in the U. because it is plentiful in many foods. However, it may affect people with severe malnutrition. In such cases, they are usually deficient in other nutrients as well. People with a specific gene mutation called pantothenate kinase-associated neurodegeneration 2 mutation are at a high risk of deficiency.

Vitamin B-6, or pyridoxine, plays a role in more than enzyme reactions. The body needs vitamin B-6 for:. Many deficiencies in vitamin B-6 are linked to low levels of vitamin B, according to the National Institutes of Health NIH Office of Dietary Supplements.

Manufacturers add biotin to many hair, skin, and nail supplements. However, the NIH state that there is not sufficient evidence to conclude whether taking extra biotin helps with hair, skin, or nails. Some people believe that biotin may help with psoriasis.

The natural form of vitamin B-9 is called folate. Folic acid , which is present in fortified foods and some supplements, is a synthetic form of the vitamin. Because most people cannot take in enough leafy green vegetables for the levels needed in pregnancy, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention CDC suggest that all women of reproductive age who wish to conceive take mcg of folic acid each day, alongside eating a varied diet that contains folate.

Use profiles to select personalised advertising. Create profiles to personalise content. Use profiles to select personalised content. Measure advertising performance. Measure content performance. Understand audiences through statistics or combinations of data from different sources.

Develop and improve services. Use limited data to select content. List of Partners vendors. Wellness Nutrition. By Jillian Kubala, RD. Jillian Kubala, RD. Jillian Kubala, MS, is a registered dietitian based in Westhampton, NY.

Jillian uses a unique and personalized approach to help her clients achieve optimal wellness through nutrition and lifestyle changes. In addition to her private practice, Jillian works as a freelance writer and editor and has written hundreds of articles on nutrition and wellness for top digital health publishers.

health's editorial guidelines. Medically reviewed by Suzanne Fisher, RD. Suzanne Fisher, RD, is the founding owner of Fisher Nutrition Systems. learn more. In This Article View All. In This Article. Recommended Amounts. Sources of Vitamin B.

Supplement Recommendations. Vitamin B Deficiency. Can You Get Too Much? Trending Videos. Vitamin Men Women Pregnant Women B1 Thiamine : 1. Buy on Amazon.

Was this page helpful? Thanks for your feedback! Tell us why! com uses only high-quality sources, including peer-reviewed studies, to support the facts within our articles.

Vitamin Vitamihs refers to eight different Importance of B vitamins. All B vitamins viamins a role Hydrating makeup primers converting vitamons into Importance of B vitamins in the body. Vitamin B-complex supplements include all of the essential B vitamins in one pill. Others contain higher doses of some or all of these vitamins. Many people get all the vitamin B they need from a varied, balanced diet. However, others may benefit from taking a vitamin B-complex supplement. Gestational diabetes healthcare include products we think are useful Importance of B vitamins our readers. If you buy through O on this page, we may earn viatmins small commission. Healthline only shows Importancce brands and products that we stand behind. You typically get these vitamins from a nutritious diet. Each of these essential vitamins contributes to your overall bodily function. Read on to learn more about how these nutrients benefit you, how much you need, whether you should take supplements, and more. B vitamins play a vital role in maintaining good health and well-being.

Author: Zulkilrajas

2 thoughts on “Importance of B vitamins

Leave a comment

Yours email will be published. Important fields a marked *

Design by